Studies show that 43 million women in India suffer from endometriosis—a female between the ages of fifteen and forty-five. According to a Scientific study, the normalization of menstrual pain and lack of awareness about endometriosis are behind the delay in diagnosis. 


What is endometriosis?


The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. During the non-fertile months, the endometrium is shed along with the menstrual blood, and a new lining is formed in the next menstrual cycle. However, endometriosis is a condition where endometrial cells are found in other parts of the body than the uterus. These cells are commonly found in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, abdominal cavity, pouch of Douglas behind the uterus, and intestines. This disease occurs in ten percent of women in the world. Still, medical science has yet to find the reason for this. The action of the hormone estrogen is thought to be a cause.




The main symptoms are severe abdominal pain, back pain, pain during sexual intercourse, infertility, and persistent abdominal pain in the days before menstruation and with menstruation. If you have these symptoms, you should consult a doctor and get tests done. The disease can be diagnosed through ultrasound, CT, and MRI scans. Laparoscopy is best.




Treatment depends on the severity of the disease, symptoms, and age of the patient. Endometriosis cells can be removed laparoscopically with pain relief using painkillers. Some may need hormone therapy. In rare cases, removal of the uterus and ovaries.

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